Turkey is in the news in several conflicts and they use military as one of the strong cards to make good negeotiations.
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report to its Ankara correspondent Laura Patel, said that Azerbaijani forces facing Armenian forces had a new weapon in the renewed conflict in the Mountains of Qara Bagh.
The newspaper added that the territory of Qara Bagh is the focus of the fifth foreign war in which Turkey deployed its aircraft in the past five years, where drones flew over Syria, Libya, Iraq and the eastern Mediterranean region where Greece and Turkey are fighting water rights in this region rich in natural resources.
The newspaper pointed out that the expansion of the Turkish marching aircraft industry is the result of work done over two decades to increase military capabilities and make them less dependent on Western weapons and promote national pride.
While the Turkish state’s efforts to manufacture jet fighters were seen as exaggerated ambition, the marching aircraft industries have turned Turkey into an emerging drone force.
“Turkey has not outperformed the United States, Israel and China, but I can say that it is a strong and rising competitor for the three countries” and “has an advanced program,” said Dan Gitinger, co-director of the Dron Study Center at Bard College in New York.
Turkey’s arms industry is in line with Erdogan’s foreign policy adopted in the past few years and his willingness to deploy military power to serve his international goals.
“Military force has become a key key in Turkish foreign policy,” says Rob Lee, a former Marine officer and researcher at King’s College London, and said military drones have given Ankara “a gateway to conflict.”
It is not known whether Turkish TP2 aircraft were purchased and operated by the Azerbaijani army or operated by the Turkish army.
Whatever the case, the use of military drones allowed the Azeri army to strike targets that were being held by the mountains, increased the death toll and changed the balance of battle, says Kerry Cavanaugh, a former U.S. ambassador and conflict negotiator.
Turkey hopes the use and screening of aircraft flying in conflicts will boost its military exports, which are nothing compared to those of the U.S. military, which received $56 billion in 2018 or Russia, which sold weapons for $13.7 billion in the same year.
Turkey’s military sales to other countries last year amounted to $3 billion, mostly tanks, aircraft parts, rifles, ammunition and armored vehicles, defense officials in Turkey say.
This is a significant figure from $248 million in 2002, and officials hope military sales in 2023 will reach $10 billion.
Turkey’s efforts to develop its military drones are linked to its fight with the Kurdistan Workers’ Party (PKK), whose fighters have been fighting the Turkish state since 1984, the paper said.
Due to the resurgence of conflict and problems faced by Turkey in purchasing drones from other countries, the government at the beginning of the first decade of this century sought ways to develop its own military industry in the field of “drones”.
This is now on the “priority list,” according to Adra Mouloudoglu, a political analyst in Ankara.
One of the leading manufacturers in this field is the state-owned Turkish Aerospace Industries Company, whose Anka-S aircraft participated earlier this year in the air campaign against the Russian-backed Syrian regime’s army.
However, the bulk of the fleet deployed in Syria, Libya and Qara Bagh is the brainchild of Seljoq Berkdar, an aerospace engineer who in 2016 married the president’s daughter, Somaya.
In a rare interview in February, Seljok’s brother Haluk Berkdar defended accusations that his family’s company had received preferential treatment and had relations with the president because of his brother’s marriage to his daughter.
He rejected the accusations as a “dirty policy”. Berkdar, who runs the family company Picard as well as Saha Istanbul, which represents more than 400 products, said the company’s success was due to the family’s vision and active work.
Picard sold the first collection of drones , a small model of censorship, to the Turkish armed forces in 2007. Two years later, it received a tender for the production and sale of military aircraft marching Perkadar TP2.
Since 2017, various types of this aircraft have been used to hunt down P.K.K. and drive them out of the mountains they have taken as their stronghold for more than 30 years, says Nigar Goksel, Director of the Turkey Program at the International Crisis Group.
Human rights organizations criticized their use because civilians were killed in the raids. The industry has sparked international controversy, particularly as Picard imports 7% of the components used in TP2.
On Monday, the Canadian government announced that it would suspend the export of some cameras to NATO member Turkey following reports of the use of technology in the war in Qara Bagh.
Turkish drones remain infallible, with the Picard TP2 suffering losses in Libya, according to a UN report published in December last year. But setbacks on the battlefield have been important, according to Galgar Kirk, an expert on international relations at Turkish University of Bilkent: “When you think about military motives, experience is the most important factor” and “Turkey has accumulated an important experience that it can benefit from in the future